Foods Trigger Migraine in Children
Children suffers from migraine like adults. While adults have one sided headache during migraine, children may have pain on both sides of the head. Pain does not last as long as in adults, usually lasts shorter. Uneasiness, feeling bad, nausea or vomiting may occur before migraine pain. During pain, discoloration and fatigue may happen. Pain may cause need for sleep and can pass after sleep.
The factors that trigger migraine vary from person to person. Various factors such as hunger, spicy foods, cheese types, distress, stress, insomnia, listening to loud music, and spending a long time with technological devices may trigger migraine pain.
Chocolate and cheese are the main foods that stimulate migraine in childhood. Citrus fruits containing citric acid such as oranges, mandarin; spicy and fried foods, packaged foods containing monosodium glutamate can also trigger migraine.
Migraine headaches are usually reduced after the factors that cause headaches have disappeared. Therefore, the causes of migraine attacks should be first examined and these factors should be eliminated if possible. Children should take care of regular and healthy nutrition and should have healthy snacks with them not to feel hunger when they are out.
Migraine Diagnosis and Treatment
A pediatric neurologist should first evaluate medical history of children having recurrent headaches. If necessary, the doctor may decide to undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or electroencephalography (EEG).
If attacks are 2-3 times a month or less, doctors usually only apply attack treatment and advise the patients to take simple painkillers and rest for a while.
However, if the number of attacks is once or more per week, preventive treatment is used at this stage to minimize migraine attacks. According to all findings, pediatric neurologist may apply a drug treatment that can last for six months to one year.