What is lung cancer ? What are the most common symptoms of lung cancer?

Lung cancer is among the most common and fatal cancers and the number of people with lung cancer is increasing day by day in the world.  As in many other cancer types, early diagnosis of lung cancer plays a critical role in the success of treatment.  What is lung cancer and What are the main causes of lung cancer? What are the symptoms and risk factors of lung cancer? How is lung cancer treated? Here are all the details you are curious about.

Lung cancer is one of the most deadly diseases that cause many deaths every year. Any delay in the diagnosis of this disease can aggravate the situation and result in many people losing their lives.

Lung cancer can be diagnosed in the early period of lung cancer by considering the small changes in the body. Recognizing symptoms and avoiding smoking plays a huge role in preventing lung cancer.

Lung cancer, which is the most common type of cancer in men, ranks first among the causes of death from cancer.

Every year 1.3 million people die due to lung cancer. Early diagnosis is important in lung cancer; Because lung cancer often spreads to the bone, liver, brain and adrenal glands.

 

What are the Symptoms of Lung Cancer?

There are many symptoms of lung cancer. These symptoms are often not insidiously progressive. Lung cancer is a disease that causes the patient to suffer from chronic pain and requires a specialist. Thus, lung cancer is usually a type of cancer that can be diagnosed early. Most common symptoms of lung cancer are as follow;

Persistent and progressive cough,

Bloody sputum

Continuous shortness of breath, wheezing

Pain in the chest

Fast and excessive weight loss

Shortness of breath

Swallowing difficulty

Body pain, especially pain in the back

Recurrent and persistent symptoms include lung infections such as bronchitis or pneumonia.

What is Lung Cancer, Causes and Risk Factors?

Lung cancer can occur without any cause. However, there are some risk factors that increase the probability of this disease. Here are some of these risk factors;

– Excessive use of cigarettes and other tobacco products is the leading cause of lung cancer.

– Passive smoking is a factor that causes lung cancer as well as smoking.

– Prolonged exposure to asbestos mineral irritates the lungs.

– Air pollution directly affects the airways and lungs.

– Family history is one of the important risk factors and causes of lung cancer.

– Prolonged exposure to some inhaled chemicals (such as arsenic, beryllium, cadmium) causes lung cancer.

– Breathing this radioactive radon gas, which is an odorless gas in nature, can be a risk factor and cause of lung cancer.

– Genetic factors also play a crucial role. Individuals who are related to someone who had lung cancer or other cancer type before have a higher risk of lung cancer.

– Tuberculosis is another risk factor and cause.

– The probability of lung cancer increases with age. Lung cancer can rarely occur under the age of 45 but is usually diagnosed at the age of 50-70. The incidence of lung cancer in women is increasing.

In order to prevent lung cancer which is among preventable diseases, smoking should be stopped first. After the cessation of smoking,  the risk of lung cancer begins to diminish and it is reduced by approximately 50 percent after about 10 years. You should avoid radiation and air pollution and have a healthy nutrition scheme to protect yourself from lung cancer.

Treatment of Lung Cancer

Lung cancer treatment varies depending on a number of factors, such as patients’ overall health, type, and stage of cancer. There are different treatment options such as surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. If you are in the lung cancer risk group, you should firstly contact a specialist for a detailed screening.

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