What is lung cancer, what are the most common causes of cancer deaths in both men and women worldwide? Find out more about lung cancer, its stages, and symptoms in this article…
The greatest cause of lung cancer seems to be smoking, but lung cancer can also occur in people who have never smoked.
Lung cancer is a very common cancer. It accounts for 12-16 percent of all cancers and 17-28 percent of cancer-related deaths. Moreover, it ranks first in cancer-related deaths in both men and women
What is Lung Cancer?
Lung is the organ that provides oxygen to our bodies. Like every organ, our lung is made up of many cells. These cells divide and multiply according to the need for the lung to function normally. Cancer is a disease in which the cells in the body get out of control. When cancer is seen in the lungs, it’s called lung cancer.
Lung cancer starts in the lungs and can spread to lymph nodes or other organs in the body, such as the brain. Cancer in other organs can also spread to the lungs. When cancer cells spread from one organ to another, this is called metastasis.
What are the Symptoms of Lung Cancer?
Symptoms may not cause significant complaints until the disease is very advanced. Progression of cancer without showing any symptoms is the most important factor that makes this cancer so dangerous.
Symptoms that may suggest one person has cancer are as follow;
There may be many causes of chest pain. Pain in the chest is one of the most basic symptoms of lung cancer. If deep breathing, coughing or laughing increases chest pain, you should consult a doctor immediately.
Shortness of breath
Symptoms such as shortness of breath and wheezing may occur in all stages of lung cancer. Early diagnosis of lung cancer is of vital importance. Therefore, if you experience such a symptom, you should seek medical attention immediately.
Weakness and Fatigue
Rapid fatigue, constant fatigue, and weakness in lung cancer are also common symptoms that should not be neglected.
If the lung cancer spreads in the body, back pain, shoulder pain, shoulder pain, shoulder pain, arm, leg pain or severe headache emerges as important symptoms.
Recurrent Infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia
Frequent recurrence and non-healing of respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia are among the symptoms of lung cancer.
Anorexia and Weight Loss
Weight loss and anorexia are among the important symptoms of lung cancer, and it should not be neglected. Especially, active smokers should consult a physician if they have anorexia.
What are the causes of lung cancer?
The most common cause of lung cancer is smoking. However, lung cancer can also occur in people who have never smoked.
Smoking is responsible for more than 85% of all cases. According to the studies, it is found that individuals who smoke more than 25 cigarettes per day are 25 times more likely to develop lung cancer than those who never smoke.
Smoking is the cause of not only lung cancer but also other cancers such as the esophagus and mouth cancer. Passive smoking also increases the risk of lung cancer. It was found that women whose spouses smoke were 25% more likely to develop lung cancer than non-smokers.
Another cause of lung cancer is asbestos exposure. Asbestos is a fibrous mineral that is resistant to heat and abrasion with carcinogenic properties. Asbestos, which is widely used for heat and sound insulation in periods when its harmful effects are not known, is a factor that makes harmful effects on those who exposure it.
What are the risk factors of lung cancer?
Cigarette, cigar, pipe (tobacco) smoking: This factor is the most important proven risk factor for lung cancer today.
Asbestos: Asbestos is generally used in mines, shipbuilding, insulation material. It causes long-term irritation to the respiratory tract.
Radon: It is an odorless radioactive gas that is naturally found in soil.
Tuberculosis: Lung cancer may develop in the lung area where this disease is located.
Ores such as radioactive uranium ore
Prolonged inhalation of certain chemicals (such as arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, vinyl chloride)
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