Symptoms of Heart Attack and Causes of Heart Attack

What is a Heart Attack?

Heart attack is a condition that occurs due to sudden decrease or interruption of the blood flow of the heart vessels because of various reasons. The vast majority of heart attacks develop as a result of the blockage of the cardiovascular. 

Deaths from heart attack take the first place among the causes of heart diseases. The majority of heart attack-related deaths occur within the first 8 hours, more than half of them being at home, on the street, before even being hospitalized.


Heart Attack Symptoms

Chest Pain

Pain in chest is among the most common symptoms of heart attacks. Most heart attacks cause pain in the middle of the rib cage. The complaint usually lasts a few minutes and it may be temporary. Pressure, compression, weight, pain can be felt. Indigestion may occur in such a way that it can be mixed with complaints of stomach discomfort such as burning in the chest.

Pain in the Upper Body
Pain may occur in one or both arms, back, shoulders, neck, chin, and upper stomach.

Shortness of breath
Shortness of breath may be seen as another symptom of heart attack or may develop before or after pain. It may develop in rest or with minimal movements.


Other Symptoms of Heart Attack are as below; 

– Sudden cold sweat

– Sudden fatigue attacks (especially in women)

– Nausea and vomiting,

– Sudden dizziness,

– Increased or prolonged complaints.


Heart attacks do not always occur in the form of sudden and severe chest pain, contrary to common belief. Some people may also have a heart attack without any obvious complaints (especially those who have diabetics).

Knowing the symptoms of a heart attack enables an individual who is experiencing such a condition to have access to medical care immediately. Because early intervention is very important in a heart attack. Early intervention can both reduce vital risk and help the heart muscle to survive without damage.

Main Causes of Heart Attack and Risk Groups

1- Smoking

Smoking is the most important cause of heart attack. The rate of heart attacks is almost 3 times higher in men and women who smoke.

2- High LDL Rate

High cholesterol level is another cause of heart attack. The higher the LDL rate, which is defined as bad cholesterol in the blood, means the higher the risk of having a heart attack. Avoiding foods such as high cholesterol content offal, sausage, salami, sausage, red meat, frying, squid, mussels, shrimp, whole milk products, mayonnaise, cream, cream, butter have the effect of reducing the risk of heart attack.

3- Diabetes

Diabetes is an important disease that increases the risk of heart attack. The majority of diabetics die from a heart attack. In diabetic patients, the elasticity of the vessel walls is impaired, the blood-clotting level increases and the damage to the cells on the inner surface of the vessel becomes easier. Insulin resistance due to an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity causes diabetes and this leads to a risk of heart attack.

Causes and Symptoms of Heart Attack


4- High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Increased blood pressure or hypertension is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. Many factors may cause increased blood pressure. Genetic predisposition and excessive salt consumption are among the most common causes of hypertension.

Hypertension increases the risk of heart attacks by 50%. Hypertension is also known as a “silent enemy” due to the potential damage it may cause on the kidney, brain, heart, and vascular system without any symptoms for a long time.


Causes and Symptoms of Heart Attack


5- Obesity

Obesity increases the risk of heart attacks by causing blood vessel dysfunction, premature aging, and arteriosclerosis. According to the results of scientific research, the number of overweight years is an important risk factor for heart health.

Causes and Symptoms of Heart Attack


6- Stress and Depression

Stress is a significant risk factor that plays a major role in heart attacks. Stress-induced adrenaline increases blood pressure and increases pulse rate, inviting heart attacks.

Causes and Symptoms of Heart Attack


Other risk factors are as below;

– Estrogen hormone in women is seen as protective against the risk of heart attack. Therefore, men and postmenopausal women can have a higher risk of heart attack.

– Having a history of heart attack in the first degree relatives of the person such as mother, father and sibling increases the risk of having a heart attack.

– Elevated blood levels of C-reactive protein, homocysteine, fibrinogen, and lipoprotein A in the liver may also bring an increased risk of heart attack.


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