What is Gynecomasty? Its Causes and Treatment?

Gynecomasty, or Gynecomastia, is the name given to the health problem of breast enlargement in men. It occurs as a result of enlargement and swelling of the breast tissue. If  gynecomasty is clearly visible from the outside, negatively affects men’s social life and can be embarrassing for them.

So why does gynecomasty occur, what are its factors, does it have a treatment? We answered these questions for you.

More than half of newborns are born with enlarged breasts due to the effects of estrogen passing through their mothers. However, the gynecomasty seen here usually disappears within 2 to 3 weeks after birth.

On the other hand, although it is more common in adolescents, people may experience it in later ages, as well. It affects one breast, and in some cases both breasts. Breast pain and sensitivity are among the common symptoms.

Common Causes of Gynecomasty?

– Imbalance between estrogen and testosterone hormones

– Excess weight gain / malnutrition

– Diseases such as tumor formation in the testicles or adrenal glands, hyperthyroidism

– Side effects of drugs used in the treatment of some diseases

– Giving up bodybuilding exercises

Treatment of Gynecomastia?

Most cases of gynecomasty do not require treatment. However, if a medical condition (hormonal factors, drug use, other diseases, etc.) causes gynecomasty, then first this must be treated. If gynecomasty causes severe pain and sensitivity or embarrassment, surgery can be an option.

Only in cases of mild breast lubrication or swelling of mammary gland, liposuction method is generally applied. However, if both are seen at the same time and the breast tissue is dense, surgery can be preferred.

Finally, if the patient is very young, it may be necessary to wait a while for this operation. Because the development of adolescents continues due to still change in their hormones. Therefore, it would be beneficial to wait till the end of this development process.

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