What is Eczema? Causes and Symptoms of Eczema?
Eczema is a common skin disease which is characterized by redness, swelling and itching of the skin. There are many factors that may cause eczema.
If we look at how eczema appears, first, amount of fat in skin structure reduces, skin losses water and structure of the skin gets irritated. Eczema manifests itself in the form of blisters on the skin. Therefore, people with dry and sensitive skin and have weak immune system commonly catch this disease. Contrary to popular belief, eczema is not contagious.
Hands are the leading organs affected by eczema. Eczema on hands can sometimes irritate the sufferer due to painful cracks. Because of the lesions on hands, people avoid shaking hands with people and feel the need of hiding their hands. Eczema in the face also may adversely affect one’s self-confidence and mood in society.
Eczema may be hereditary or may develop due to external causes. The most common cause of eczema is genetic and the second is allergic. Although eczema usually occurs after the age of 30, it actually begins in infancy or childhood. Allergic eczema does not recover as long as contact with the allergen substance continues.
As skin dries and loses its moisture in cold weather, this usually triggers eczema. Therefore, it is very important to keep the skin moist to decrease detrimental effects of this disease.
Let’s Take a Look at Triggering Factors for Eczema
– Seasonal changes,
– Genetic factors
– Various allergens such as pollen and feather,
– Dry skin,
– Detergents, chemicals such as soap,
– Long lasting hot bath,
– Cosmetic use,
– Woolen clothing,
– Some foods such as egg, hazelnut, peanut, wheat, milk and dairy products
Is There any Treatment For Eczema?
Eczema does not show the same symptoms in all patients. So, unfortunately, there is no definitive treatment of eczema. For that reason, preventing disease, in other words to avoid factors that cause eczema, becomes more of an issue. Fulfilling the warnings and suggestions made by your doctor reduces the attacks and complaints caused by eczema.
The diagnosis of eczema is made by the patient’s history and physical examination. In addition, in the case of eczema of allergic origin, a patch test is performed to detect the allergen.
Then What Should We Do To Prevent Eczema?
– Ensure that room temperature is stable and the room has sufficient humidity. Use an air humidifier if necessary.
– Avoid contact with excessive soap and water. Do not have a bath with very hot water and do not use pouch and hard fibers. Try also to keep bath time short.
– Reduce the contact of chemical products with your skin and wear gloves while cleaning. Prefer to use cleaning products with natural content.
– Moisten your skin after washing your hands. Use extra moisturizer in winter and wear gloves to protect your hands from cold.
– If you are allergic to some foods, avoid consuming them. Keep away from processed food as much as possible. Furthermore, prefer to consume organic foods.
– Wear cotton clothing instead of wool and synthetic clothing which may cause allergy and avoid wearing tight clothing. Try not to put on accessories with metal, nickel and titanium.
– Eczema and other skin conditions are strongly linked to both psychological and physical stress. Then, try to minimize your stress.