Most people complain of lower back pain at some point in their lives. These pains are sometimes short-lived, sometimes long-lasting and intolerable. In these cases, herniated disc may be considered first.
Lower back pain may have many causes. So, how do we know if these pains are a lower back pain or a herniated disc?
Lower back pain is the second most common pain in the world after headache. Simple lower back pain does not cause pain or numbness in the legs. Within a few days it passes without any intervention or with a small medical intervention. Lower back pains, which usually vary between 35-40 years of age, begins to decrease after 65 years of age.
Each level of the spine has individual discs that act as pillows. The inner part of these discs is called “Nucleus pulposus” and the outer part is called“ Fibrosis”. Herniated disc is caused by the dislocation and slippage of these discs. The back pain, which increases day by day, is accompanied by pain spreading to the hip and leg, as well as numbness in the leg. There is weakness in the leg, loss of sensation and reflex. Severe pain increases, the patient’s mobility decreases, and the patient may suddenly become unable to move.
The interesting thing is; herniated disc accounts for only about 5 percent of all lower back pains. These pains are more common in those who have to stand for a long time or vice versa to sit. Those who work in heavy, stressful and dangerous jobs, long-distance drivers, obese patients are more likely to have lower back pain or herniated disc.
If you have lower back pain, you should not apply any treatment by yourselves. You should consult a specialist and apply the treatment and / or exercises according to the tests to be performed.