With the spread of obesity, the incidence of diabetes is increasing day by day. Diabetes can cause serious health problems when it cannot be controlled. In order to control diabetes, it is very important to determine a personalized nutrition program under the supervision of an expert which we call “diabetic diet”.
Learning to live with diabetes improves treatment success. Diabetes occurs as a result of increased blood sugar levels in the body. The leading causes of Type II diabetes in advanced age are; genetic factors, lack of physical activity and excess weight. When diabetes is not controlled; severe disorders such as renal failure, cataract and cardiovascular disorders may occur.
It is necessary to pay attention to the principles of healthy nutrition in order to control the disease. Accepting this condition and learning to live with it increases treatment success.
Nutrition and diet also play an important role in the treatment of this disease. In this sense, it is critical for diabetics to pay attention to the following dietary principles of diabetes.
Diabetic Diet; Diet List and Nutrition Recommendations for Diabetics
For a good diabetes diet, you need to regulate your intake of glucose and carbohydrates. When eating a type 2 diabetes diet, a combination of foods should be consumed.
Carbohydrates, fat and protein balance should be adjusted daily. Only a protein-based diet can have undesirable health consequences.
Foods with high fat and sugar content should be avoided.
All the healthy foods you cook for your family are also suitable for you.
Try to eat from every food group every day and choose complex carbohydrates in order to increase fiber intake.
Eat more starchless vegetables (broccoli, spinach), fruits and pulses. Strawberry is rich in fiber and it can be a good fruit option.
Choose the least processed cereals. Oat prevents the rapid rise of blood sugar, regulates blood sugar and helps to lose weight.
Avoid potatoes and processed cereals (white bread, white pasta, etc.).
Avoid desserts and consume oil, sugar, and salt as little as possible. Do not consume more than one teaspoon (2300 mg sodium) (even if there is no hypertension). Sodium (salt) is involved in the reabsorption of glucose in the kidneys.
Choose healthy meat (fish, lean red meat, chicken meat). and limit the consumption of fried foods, fats and packaged foods as much as possible.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Many symptoms occur due to high blood glucose. The most common symptoms of diabetes are as follows.
Frequent urination: This is one of the most common symptoms of diabetes. If the blood sugar level increases, glucose passes into the urine. Frequent urination occurs to reduce blood sugar.
Excessive thirst: As the blood sugar level increases, frequent urination occurs and as a result, the thirst level increases.
Bad smell of acetone in the mouth: Even if glucose cannot be used in the blood, the cells must continue to live, so they begin to digest and use fatty acids. This is also called diabetic ketoacidosis.
Redness in the eyes: Redness in the eyes occurs when the blood sugar increases.
Anger and irritability: Since the cells cannot use blood glucose, nervousness is observed during prolonged fasting due to blood sugar disorder.
– Late healing of wounds
– Dry and itchy skin
How should diabetic diet be?
The first target in a diabetic diet is to have the ideal weight range. Because it can be difficult to maintain blood sugar balance in individuals with excess weight. When dieting, individuals should consume foods with a low glycemic index. Foods with a high glycemic index should not be included in the diabetic diet program. Otherwise, rapid increases and decreases in blood sugar may occur. This deterioration of blood sugar balance will adversely affect a person’s overall health.
Daily Diabetic Diet Sample
1 boiled egg
1-2 slices of low-fat white cheese
2 pieces of walnut or 5-6 pieces of unsalted olives
2 thin slices of whole-grain bread
1 portion of vegetable dish with olive oil
4 tablespoons yogurt
Seasonal salad made with plenty of greens
1 thin slice whole-grain bread
100-120 grams baked / grilled / boiled meat / chicken / fish / meatball
1 cup of buttermilk or 1 bowl of yogurt
Seasonal salad with plenty of greens
1 thin slice of whole-grain bread OR 1 medium scoop soup
4 tablespoons yogurt + 1 teaspoon cinnamon powder +2 tablespoons oatmeal + 5-6 pieces raw almonds, 1 serving of fruit
5-6 pieces of raw almonds / raw nuts
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