What is Probiotic?
The word probiotic is derived from the Latin words “pro” and “bios” and means “for life”. Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that reside in the intestines.
Probiotic bacteria are more resistant to gastric acidity than other bacteria. Probiotic bacteria control the growth rate of unwanted microorganisms in the intestines.
What are the Properties of Microorganisms Used as Probiotics?
– They must be safe and should not cause side effects in humans and animals.
– They must be stable and metabolized in the intestine without being affected by adverse environmental conditions such as low pH and bile salts.
– Microorganisms should produce antimicrobial substances.
– They must be resistant to antibiotics. Microorganisms can be used to correct intestinal flora in diseases caused by antibiotics. Therefore, they should not be affected by antibiotics in the intestine.
– When added to foods, they should not reduce the food quality.
– The last but perhaps the most important feature of probiotic bacteria is their ability to attach to the intestinal mucosa.
What are the Benefits of Probiotics to the Body?
– The most important effect is that they help strengthen the immune system.
– They help the intestinal flora to work best.
– Probiotics are effective against various digestive problems such as diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
– Scientific studies have shown positive effects in the treatment of constipation.
– They inhibit the formation of carcinogenic compounds during intestinal tumors and colon cancer.
– They play a role in preventing allergic symptoms in children.
– It is also claimed that probiotics prevent arteriosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases and increase the level of benign cholesterol.